Shawm, Chalumeau, Chanter

Shawm, Chalumeau, Chanter, reeds

Shawm, Chalumeau, Chanter

reed instruments with double and single reeds, practice chanter for practice

Reed instruments with single or double reed

With the reed instruments, the tones are produced by reeds made of thin wooden lamellas. The slats vibrate, creating a rasping or squeaking sound.

Reed instruments have been known since ancient times for the so-called aulos. Usually two pipes were played at the same time. The pipes either had a single reed or a double reed. The ancient aulos can still be found today in the Launedda from Sardinia.

The simple whipping tongue is today e.g. represented on saxophone or clarinet. A predecessor to the clarinet is the chalumeau. A very simple instrument compared to the clarinet. The body is similar to the recorder, but the mouthpiece is like the clarinet. Even if it is hardly bigger than a soprano recorder, it sounds an entire octave lower with a rich, soft purring sound. The Clariphon is similar to the Chalumeau. With additional finger holes, the range is larger here.

In the Middle Ages, double reed instruments were represented in different variants. As a shawm, which is played directly on the reed, a predecessor of today's oboe, or as a Rauschpfeife with a wind cap over the reed, so that you have a mouthpiece to blow on. If the sound of the Schalmei and Rauschpfeife was rather loud, there were also quieter versions than Cornamuse or Krummhorn. All these instruments were built in different sizes and moods, from sopranino to bass, so that they could also be played in an ensemble.

Double reed instruments, or more simply shawms, were also found in many cultural traditions. The Arab shawm as Turkish Zurna, the Chinese Shawm So-Na, in India the Shenai or in Brittany the Bombarde. Ultimately, the bagpipe's chanter is also a shawm and can be played individually, e.g. the Spanish punteira. In a quieter version for practicing, there is also the chanter of the Scottish Great Highland Pipe, the so-called Practice Chanter or, for the Middle Ages bagpipes, the Middle Ages Chanter

Chalumeau

The Chalumeau is predecessor of the clarinet, The mouthpiece is like a clrinet, the fingering is like a recorder

The chalumeau is a predecessor of the clarinet. Its French name originated from the barock period. The technique of producing a sound using a simple reed was developed a few hundred years earlier.
The chalumeaux is played in the same way as the clarinet or saxophon but requires less air and lip pressure to produce its soft, low purring sound. It is appealing and easy to learn.
The instrument is tuned in the key of C ( Do) and can be played chromatically. The fingering is the same as for a soprano recorder.

Zur Zeit fertigen wir die Chalumeau aus Elsbeere, ein dem Birnbaum sehr ähnliches Holz.

Chalumeau scale

Chalumeau melody

Chalumeau Spielbuch

28 Melodies,exspecially arranged for the chalumeau, but also playable with other instruments dfferent dances, songs and oriental music.

Practice Chanter

The practice chanter is for practicing to play the bagpipe. It is like the chanter of the bagpipe but with a quiet sound.

The term stands for a chanter, a learning tool for the bagpipes.
From the pattern the chanter conforms to the chanter of a bagpipe, but the sound is more quiet, so you can practice at home and in small rooms.
Otherwise it corresponds to the sound and the playing a bagpipe.
So you can practice especially fingerings, ornaments and new tunes.

Practice Chanter for the scottish bagpipe

The fingering is like the Scottish bagpipes one half covered (see fingering chart).
It is made of hardwood and available with either wood or plastic mouthpiece.
The plastic reed is always easy to handle and thus also for the beginner.
A simple inexpensive instrument for the first contact to a bagpipe.
fingering for the scottish chanter
Available we have the Chanter with the top of plastic or from wood.

Practice Chanter scale

Practice Chanter melody

Melody book for practice chanter

Melodybook for the Practice Chanter.
It is not a teachingbook, just a melodybook. It is based on the reading of notes and the handling of a windinstrument.
It is special made for the simple change from recorder to the Practice Chanter.
But it is also a practice for the bagpipe.

medieval chanter

The Medieval Chanter, as a practice tool for medieval bagpipes

The Medieval Chanter, as a practice tool for medieval bagpipes
The fingering of the medieval bagpipe is ?ike a recorder.
This instrument is carefully made from black hard plastic and easy to play on the plastic reed.
The key is in line with the medieval bagpipes in A minor. This allows for practicing the play along to recordings of famous medieval bands.

medieval chanter Melody

medieval chanter scale

Die Sackpfeifenfibel

Not only a melody book but also a tutorial..
detailed descriptions for handling and practice, care and maintenance and also theory of music.

Punteira the chanter of the spanish bagpipe

Punteira is the spanish name of the chanter of the Gaita, the spanish bagpipe.
With a wind-cap on the reed you can play the chanter like a shalmei.
These instruments are made in high quality and exactly tuned like the Gaitas. With the very thin reeds they are playing easily.
Like the Gaita, we offer the punteira in Do from Ash. If you are interested ask for other kinds in Re or Sib, or different woods.

fingering for Punteira

Punteira in Do /C melody

Punteira in Do / C scale

Punteira in Re / D scale

Punteira in Re / D melody

Punteira in Sol / G sacle

Punteira in Sol / G melody

reeds

For all reed-instruments we offer, we keep suitable reeds in stock. Please, contact us, if you are looking for a special reed.

recommendation

tenor psaltery

The tenor-psalterium has 2 1/2 Octaves from Do (C) to sol (G), ca. 68 cm lang.

The deepest note is one octave deeper than the deepest note at the soprano psaltery

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Ocarina

The ocarina is a small clay flute with a recorder mouthpiece.

Clay flutes have been known for several thousand years. Usually they were just simple pipes with 1 to 3 tones. They had a protective character and were used as talismans. Newborns and unbaptized children were given a clay pipe to protect them from evil spirits. Ultimately, bird figures on the chimney or the bird-like handle on the lid of a soup tureen can also be traced back to a pipe that was supposed to protect the house or the food from evil influences. Often these pipes were shaped like animals, mostly as birds or roosters, but also as horses, bulls, owls and much more.

The pipes were used as children's toys for a long time and were popular at festivals and fairs. Mostly bird calls were imitated. The clay flute did not develop as a real flute until the last century. An Italian potter formed a flute out of clay, the shape of which was held transversely and had a beak as a mouthpiece. This shape made the flute look a bit like a little duck, which in Italian means ocarina. This is how the clay flutes got their name, which then became internationally accepted.

Today there are many forms and variants of the ocarina. The number of finger holes, the fingerings and the range can vary widely. There are single-part flutes, but also two- and three-part flutes. There are small ones with a high tone and large ones with a very deep tone. The ocarina became known and popular again in the 1990s through the computer game Zelda.
As a flute, the ocarina belongs to the vessel flutes. Vessel flutes do not have a tube open at the bottom like most other flutes, but a ball-like closed vessel. Even if the mouthpiece is the same as that of a recorder, the shape of the vessel creates a different vibration and the sound is softer, not as shrill and deeper than one would assume based on the size of the flute.

We manufacture our clay flutes entirely by hand from fine white ceramic mass. So with every flute you have a unique piece in your hands.
After shaping and designing with glass and glaze raw materials, the flute is tuned chromatically with six finger holes and covers the range of an octave. The different sizes create flutes in all imaginable basic moods.

The firing temperature of over 1100 degrees Celsius gives it enough strength to withstand the occasional blows caused by wearing it without losing quality. The dimensions of the flutes are around 25 mm for the smallest ones up to a flute of 100 mm diameter that is barely tangible.
The flute always comes with a leather cord to hang around your neck, as well as instructions with fingering chart for the clay flute and further information about the manufacture of the clay flute and the history of the clay flute.

Die Brenntemperatur von über 1100 Grad Celsius gibt ihr genügend Festigkeit, durch das Tragen verursachte gelegentliche Schläge wegzustecken, ohne an Qualität zu verlieren. Die Maße der Flöten liegen bei cirka 25 mm für die Kleinste bis hinauf zu einer gerade noch greifbaren Flöte von 100 mm Durchmesser.
Zur Flöte gehört stets die Lederschnur zum Umhängen sowie eine Spielanleitung mit Grifftabelle und weiteren Informationen über Herstellung und Geschichte der Tonflöte.

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Sansula

The Sansula is a thumb-piano, also called Kalimba. But here it is fixed on a drumskin.
Because this the instrument become a lot of resonance.
The Sansula is pentatonic tuned in a-minor.
Because the pentatonic tuning it is dreamfull and intuitv to play..

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